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Animal Biotech

Career Opportunities-Educational Institutes

Career Opportunities

In Animal Biotechnology, technology is applied over biological agent of human and animal origin to draw some industrial benefits. Companies and research institutes of animal biotechnology are working particularly on animal and human healthcare related aspects. Stem cell technology, production of artificial tissues (e.g. skin grafting) and organs, vaccine production (via cell culture and attenuation; reproductive cloning (e.g. Dolly) and recombinant DNA technology are some of the hot areas of this branch of biotechnology. Other important aspects are animal breeding and reproduction through in vitro fertilization.

           Animals have always been integral part of human civilization and improved animal traits have always been associated with growth of human civilization. Indian government research institutes are very strong when it comes to animal healthcare aspect of animal biotechnology. They have been involved in vaccine production for poultry, cattle and other domestic animals; animal breeding, disease diagnosis and cure via various biotechnological means. Some private companies are also working on the healthcare aspects of the animals particularly vaccine production (via genetic engineering or cell culture), monoclonal antibody production etc. Private sector is more concentrated on human healthcare related problems.        

          Other important aspects of animal biotech is breeding or reproduction through in vitro fertilization and cloning (e.g. Dolly). Animal Breeding is done for the improvement of domestic, pet, poultry animals, and fishes. There are 492.63 million livestock and 354.43 million poultry population in India. Though qualitative and quantitative characters of these animals can be improved by proper feeding, management and protection from various diseases, still these measures are not found sufficient for above improvement. Therefore animal breeding is always preferred. About 80% of total livestock population in India is non-descriptive, which need genetic improvement. Considering the huge livestock population and its mega biodiversity, India requires thousands of technically competent animal breeders. However, right now there are only around 1000 animal breeders in India, who are working in Government institutes and State Agriculture and Veterinary Universities.

          Animal breeders can make a career in education and research in 8 veterinary and animal science universities, 31 agriculture universities, 25 State Livestock Development Boards and 19 animal science and 5 fisheries science institutes in ICAR., small animals houses of CSIR and ICMR institutes, central government cattle, sheep and poultry breeding farms, 45 military farms, National Dairy Development Board, State Dairy Co-operative Federation, NABARD and commercialized banks.

Jobs sectors for applied animal sciences and biotech students are:

  • Academic institutions: Students with PG degree in animal genetics and breeding can apply for the post of assistant professor in the faculty of veterinary, animal science, agriculture and fisheries and for the post of scientist in various animal, veterinary and fisheries institutions under ICAR. Agriculture sciences and recruitment board (ASRB) conducts an all India competitive exams-agricultural research services (ARS) for various scientific posts.

  • Govt. Research Institutes: There are several govt. run research institutes which are working on human and animal healthcare aspects, which includes Hospitals like AIIMS etc. Bright career  opportunities are available at scientific post in DBT, DST and DRDO institutions. One can also get job in various laboratories of CSIR, ICAR and ICMR. For detail go to our Animal biotech research institutes webpage.

  • Govt. sector: you can get a job in central or state livestock and poultry breeding farms, national livestock development board, national or state dairy development board, military farms, NABARD, FAO, wild life institute and national institute of animal welfare (ministry of environment and forestry), CSIR/ICMR institutes in which small animal house facilities and medical genetics division are available. Here students with PG degree in animal genetics & breeding can get job as chief executive officer, scientist, farm manager (livestock breeding farms), and officer in-charge, bull mother farm. There are several govt. companies working of animal healthcare research and products.

  • Private sector: Job opportunities available for  M.Sc./M.Tech Animal Biotech or M.Sc. Biotech with specialization in animal biotech or M.Sc. zoology with specialization in relevant applied branch along with industrial hands on training in animal biotech companies/ institutes. There are several private sector companies engaged in healthcare aspects of animal and human being. Kindly visit our animal biotech companyís and research centerís WebPages; and simultaneously also see our pharmaceutical biotechnology WebPages. Candidates with M.Sc. in animal genetics and breeding can also work as animal breeder on livestock and poultry farms of NGO and private companies engaged in animal research. There is lack of skilled animal breeder in the area of livestock genetic improvement.

  • Self employment: one can start his/her own enterprise after the PG study. NABARD or other nationalized banks provide financial assistance for this (for detail visit Biotech financial assistance). Pet animal breeding can be a lucrative business for animal breeders. In the rural areas and villages they can establish livestock breeding center.

Educational Institutes

Institutes like State Veterinary and Animal Sciences and Agricultural Universities and ICAR institutes (Deemed University), which offer post graduate courses in Animal Biotechnology/ Animal Nutritionist/; and Animal Genetics and Breeding. Eligibility for M.V.Sc. (Animal Biotechnology): B.V.Sc (Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences) & AH (Animal Husbandry) recognized by Veterinary Council of India, (with 50% marks) and B.Tech Biotechnology. 

 

*Educational Institutes

Choudhary Charan Singh Haryana  Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana. It includes: college of veterinary sciences, Hisar. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Bharathiar university, Coimbatore Tamil Nadu, visit: www.b-u.ac.in/academics/ courses. PG in animal biotechnology. Eligibility: a pass in B.Sc. in zoology /biotech/ biochemistry / microbiology / genetics / bioinformatics / environmental science /life sciences and B.V.Sc.

Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, Uttaranchal. It includes: college of veterinary and animal sciences, Pantnagar. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Kerala agricultural university, Thrissur, Kerala. It includes: college of veterinary & animal sciences, mannuthy, thrissur; and college of veterinary and animal sciences, pookot. Course offered: pg in animal genetics and breeding.

Acharya n.g. Ranga, agricultural university, Hyderabad. It includes: college of veterinary science, Rajendra nagar, Hyderabad; and college of veterinary science, tirupati. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Assam agricultural university, Jorhat. It includes: faculty of veterinary science, khanapara campus, Guwahati. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Birsa agricultural university, Ranchi, Jharkhand. It includes: faculty of veterinary science & animal husbandry, kanke, Ranchi. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

CSK Himachal pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, palampur, h.p. It includes:  college of veterinary and animal sciences, palampur. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Gujarat agricultural university, banaskantha, Gujarat. It includes: college of veterinary science and animal husbandry, anand; and college of veterinary science and animal husbandry, sardar krushi nagar. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Guru angand dev Punjab university of veterinary and animal science, ludhiana, punjab. It includes:  college of veterinary science, ludhiana. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, raipur chhattisgarh. It includes: college of veterinary science & animal husbandry, Anjora, durg. Course offered: pg in animal genetics and breeding,

Jawaharlal Nehru krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. It includes:  college of veterinary science & animal husbandry, Jabalpur; and college of veterinary science & animal husbandry, Mhow. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Karnataka veterinary, animal & fisheries sciences university (kvafsu), bider, Karnataka. It includes: college of veterinary science, Bangalore; and college of veterinary science, bider. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Maharashtra animal fishery sciences university, Nagpur, Maharashtra. It includes: college of veterinary and animal science, udgir; college of veterinary and  animal sciences, parbhani; k.n.p. College of veterinary sciences, hirwal; Nagpur veterinary college, nagpur; Bombay veterinary college, Mumbai; and post graduate institute of veterinary and animal science, akola. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

National dairy research institute, (deemed university) Karnal. It includes: dairy science college, NDRI, Karnal. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Orissa university of agriculture & technology, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa. It includes: college of veterinary science and animal husbandry, Bhubaneshwar. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Pondicherry university, Pondicherry, Pondicherry. It includes: Rajiv Gandhi college of veterinary and animal sciences, Pondicherry. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Rajasthan agricultural university, Bikaner, Rajasthan. It includes: college of veterinary and animal science, bikaner. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Rajendra agricultural university, Samastipur bihar. It includes: bihar veterinary college, patna. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Sher-e-kashmir university of agricultural science & technology of Kashmir, Srinagar. Faculty of veterinary sciences & animal husbandry, shuhama, Srinagar. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Sher-e-kashmir university technology of Jammu, Jammu. It includes: faculty of veterinary sciences and animal husbandry, R.S. Pura, Jammu. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Tamil nadu veterinary & animal science university, Chennai, Tamil nadu. It includes: madras veterinary college, Chennai; and veterinary college and research institute, namakkal. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

Uttar Pradesh pandit deen dayal upadhyaya pashu chikitsa vigyan vishwavidyalaya evam go anusandhan sansthan, mathura, Uttar Pradesh. It includes: college of veterinary science and animal husbandry, mathura; Indian veterinary research institute, (deemed university), Izatnagar, UP; Indian veterinary research institute, (deemed university), Izatnagar, UP; and university of agricultural and technology, Faizabad; and college of veterinary science and animal husbandry, Kumar ganj, Faizabad. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

West Bengal university of animal & fishery sciences, Kolkatta, West Bengal. It includes:  faculty of veterinary sciences, Kolkatta. Course offered: PG in animal genetics and breeding.

 

**Note: Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, www.jnu.ac.in, holds an All-India Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam in May for admission to MVSc (Biotechnology) Programmes offered by these 3 universities (with 55% marks at UG levels).

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