Plant and Agro-Biotech-Working Areas
Plant biotechnology includes applying advance
technologies over biological agent of plant origin for human welfare
directly or indirectly.
plants and its products through biotechnology is carried out through
Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture:
cultivation of plant cells, tissues or organs outside the plant body.
Micro-Propagation and Cloning-
Plants. Saving Plant, Time and Space.
Secondary Metabolites Production- to be used as medicine.
Compound into An Economically Important One using enzyme.
Haploid Plant Production-
Agronomically Important Gene (Allele) Expresses.
Triploid Plant Production-
productivity as gene expresses three times.
Genetic Engineering, Transformation and Transgenic Plant Production:
produced by inserting desired genes of any economic importance into the
plant. Its applications are-
Qualitative and Quantitative traits in plants-
like fruit size,
shape colour etc.
From Bacillus thuringenesis for Pest Resistance Inserted Into
Cotton, Maize i.e. Bt. Cotton
Resistant Plant production-
By inserting Viral
Gene (protein) into the plant and the plant gets resistant to the virus.
Improving Nutritional properties of the plants-
Golden Rice is a transgenic plant with high Vitamin A content.
express proteins, which are harvested for commercial benefits, e.g.
Edible vaccines from vegetables, coming to market very soon.
- PHB (Poly hydroxybutyrate) gene cloned from bacteria and
inserted into Maize and Cotton. The PHB is then used as plastic raw