Sciences-Working Areas-Job Sectors
Working Areas-Job Sectors:
They can find employment with law enforcement agencies, police, legal
system and in the investigative services of the government and also
private agencies. They can also work as teachers in institutes that
conduct courses in this subject.
Opportunities for forensic scientists exist in government organizations
such as the Intelligence Bureau (IB), the Central Bureau of
Investigation (CBI) and as investigative officers in the crime cells of
state police forces. Forensic experts essentially work in forensic labs
and sometimes even in large private detective agencies to establish the
link between the criminal and the crime. There are variety of
options for forensic professionals. They can specialize in subjects as
varied as medicine, engineering, finger-printing, insect study,
languages, geology etc.
Crime Scene Investigation :
Scene investigation involves issues such as security, prevention of
contamination, locating and collecting relevant items of evidence,
interpretation of evidence and possible reconstruction of the event.
Scenes can range from a relatively simple house break to a fire in a
multi-storey building or a city bombing.Qualification
Diploma in Forensic Investigation or Degree in Forensic
Investigation or Degree in Analytical Chemistry.
determine the time and cause of death in cases of suspected murder
or suicide. This involves post mortem examinations of deaths
reported to determine the cause and the manner of death. (i.e.
sudden and unexpected deaths or deaths due to accident or injury,
suicide or homicide).
Medical degree (MBBS) with M.D or appropriate post-graduate
qualifications in Forensic Science.
Forensic Anthropology :
Forensic anthropologists use their knowledge of human skeletal
anatomy to assist in the identification of skeletal remains. They
are called to identify individuals murdered or killed in disasters
such as plane crashes, explosions, fires and other tragedies
resulting in the loss of life and mutilation of bodies. They may
also be able to discover the age, sex, ancestry, stature, and unique
features of the deceased.Qualification
required : A
Ph.D in anthropology with an emphasis on the study of human
osteology and anatomy or a Medical degree (MBBS) with appropriate
Forensic Psychology and
Psychiatry and psychology are concerned with whether a mental state
may be a mitigating circumstance in the commission of an alleged
crime, whether a person is mentally fit to stand trial and treating
those convicted of crimes who are mentally ill. A forensic
psychologist is any psychologist who by virtue of training or
experience may assist a court or other fact finder in arriving at a
just or correct decision.Forensic psychologists or psychiatrists may
be called on to evaluate a murder scene to suggest a possible
psychological profile of the killer.Qualification
Medical degree (MBBS) with appropriate post-graduate qualifications
It is a branch of dentistry which deals with the collection,
evaluation and proper handling of dental evidence in order to assist
law enforcement officers and in civil & criminal proceedings. The
role of the odontologist is to identify bodies and skeletal remains
from dental records, reconstruct faces from skulls and where
possible, interpret bite marks. Qualification
Degree in Dentistry, Post Graduate Diploma of Forensic Odontology.
Clinical Forensic Medicine :
Those involved in clinical forensic medicine amongst other things,
examine victims of crime and suspects who may have sustained an
injury while allegedly committing a crime. They give interpretations
of their findings such as the possible causes and timing of the
Medical degree (MBBS) with appropriate post-graduate qualifications.
Forensic Serology :
Forensic serology is the study of blood groups, blood, and other
bodily fluids for identification purposes following a crime.
Forensic serologists also carry out DNA fingerprinting, which offers
the possibility of positive identification of an individual from
samples of blood or semen.
Forensic Chemist :
Areas of work includes the detection and identification of illicit
drugs, accelerants used in arson cases, explosive and gunshot
residues, trace evidence, including paint, glass, polymers and
Qualification required :
with a major in analytical, applied or forensic chemistry.
Forensic linguists :
Forensic linguists analyze the content of written or oral
communication to identify who is speaking and indicate the speakerâ€™s
intent, and can determine whether two communications are from the
same person. This is obviously important in cases of kidnapping.
Ballistics is the study of the flight paths of projectiles, but
modern ballistics now includes the study of everything to do with
firearms. It also involves the determination of the angle and
distance a gun was fired from to hit a specific target.Qualification
Science degree with a major in a relevant discipline, Diploma in
forensic investigation, Degree in forensic investigation.
Forensic Engineer :
Deals with traffic accidents, fire investigations, and a variety of
wrongful injury cases. Engineers are involved in failure
analysis, accident reconstruction, causes and origins of fires or
explosions, quality evaluation of construction or manufacturing etc.Qualification
An Engineering degree with post-graduate qualifications in Forensic
for various state forensics departments would be as per government pay
scales. The state department salaries begin around Rs. 8,000 per month
and increases according to the rank and years of experience. Forensic
scientists holing postgraduate qualifications can expect to start with a
salary of Rs.12,000 - Rs.18,000 p.m depending on the nature of the
organization. Private forensic laboratories offer lucrative pay packages
to scientists with a few years of experience behind them.