Career Opportunities-Educational Institutes
Broadly, there are three main divisions in
Nanotechnology-Nanomaterials, Nanoelectronics and Nano-Biotechnology.
All major sectors, be it environment, aerospace, telecommunications,
solar energy or computing, are impacted upon by Nanotechnology. This
science can be used to change the properties of materials, make advances
in Biotechnology or to design other products. Basically, Nanotechnology
is used in computers, communication and medical-related devices. At
present, though scientists are able to move molecules and atoms in a
mass yet they are still not able to precisely manipulate them. But in
future, nanotechnology will allow as redesign easily and create what we
want exactly. Further, nanomaterials would be very light, strong,
transparent, and totally different from bulk material because they are a
thousand times smaller than the diameter of human hair, which is around
Nanotechnology has many more applications. It can help detect narcotics
and fingerprints of suspects in crimes. The technology can make
canonized robots and repair damaged and diseased tissues. Nanobots may
be made from carbon nanotubes to carry out functions like human beings.
Nano- coatings are transparent, scratch- resistant and dirt repellent.
Thus, it is estimated that there will be no sector of industry which
will not use nanotechnology in future.
Nanotechnology is an inter-disciplinary subject which essentially
combines Physics, Chemistry, Bio-informatics Bio- technology, etc.
Though the field is at present in infancy stage (started some 16 years
ago in India), the country is making dedicated efforts not to lag behind
after starting work in this field. As a result, there is a great demand
for students who do their M.Tech in nanotechnology, because a large
number of industries and laboratories in India and overseas would lab
One of the fields in which Nanotechnology finds extensive applications
is Nanomedicine. In this field, devices and materials, which are
designed at the molecular or nano level, are used in the diagnosis,
treatment and prevention of disease and traumatic injury, relieving pain
and in the overall preservation and improvement of human health. These
devices, designed at the nano level, have size ranging from 1 nanometre
(nm) to 100 nanometres and are known as nanodevices.
In Nano-Pharmacology, biolo-gically active compounds or molecules are
linked with specially fabricated nanomaterials. These are then used as
probes and drugs to identify and target various abnormal cells in
diseased conditions. "Smart drugs", which are new advanced nanosized
therapeutic drugs, have been developed in recent times. These drugs
increase the efficiency of delivering the drugs with minimal side
The US is in the forefront in the world in Nanotechnology. Considerable
progress in this field is also being made in Japan and Europe, In India,
the CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) has set up 38
laboratories, across the country, to carry out research and development
work in this field. The CSIO (Central Scientific Instruments
Organization) in Chandigarh is one of the 38 laboratories set up by the
There are many exciting new fields which will open up for the
nanotechnology experts including :
1. Health Industry research and consulting- pharmaceutical, medical,
agriculture, food and beverage, environment indus-tries.
2. Research and development in government, universities and private
3. Entrepreneurial, management and investment advisors in biotechnology
and research and development industry.
4. Product development and advising.
The eligibility criteria for studying Nanotechnology at the Post
graduation level is Bachelor's Degree with major or honours in Physics,
Chemistry, Life Sciences and with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and
Mathematics) as subsidiary subjects. In order to pursue a PhD programme
in Nanotechnology, one should have completed an M.Tech in Mechanical,
Chemical, Electronic, Biotechnology, Computer Science etc. or an M.Sc in
Physics, Chemistry, Material Science, Biotechnology, Computer Science
One should have a scientific bent of mind and a natural propensity for
research work, in order to study Nanotechnology, an open and enquiring
mind with sound analytical and computer programming skills is a must in
Postgraduate studies in Nanotechnology are offered by lIT's in the
country. Postgraduate progra-mmes are also available at the Indian
Institute of Science in Bangalore. The Amity University in New Delhi
offers a five-and a-half-year integrated M. Tech, course in
Nanotechnology, Courses are of two years duration with a course fee of
around Rs.30,000 per semester. Ph.D. programmes in Nano-technology are
offered by several institutes across the country.
Presently, no course in Nanotechnology is offered at the Graduation
level, in any reputed institute in India. However, the lIT's are
considering the option of starting a B. Tech programme in
With a professional degree in Nanotechnology one will get job
opportunities in biotech companies among several other avenues. In a
biotech company, one's work profile may include the fabrication of
miniature systems and devices to be used in Nanomedicine or working on a
nanoparticle-based molecular system for detecting biological warfare
agents. One will also find employment opportunities in large
pharmaceutical companies where one will be working on the delivery
process of drugs or on the development of a new therapeutic drug.
There are a lot of opportunities available in the field of research in
Nanotechnology; various research programmes in Nanotechnology are funded
by the Government and universities across the country.
Currently, there are around 500 companies
in the market
nanotech products while another 150 odd institutions are involved in
research work in Nanotechnology, The Government of India
offers considerable support for the generation of awareness and
promotion of Nanotechnology, Two schemes related to Nanotechno-logy-the
Nanoscience and Technology Initiative launched by the Department of
Science and Technology and the Science and Technology Initiatives in
Nanotech-nology - are being promoted by the Government of lndia.
Several other work oppor-tunities are also available in Nanotechnology,
apart from that of a scientist or an engineer, business development and
administration, legal areas, and sales and marketing are few other
areas, where one can work in the field of Nanotechnology.
With a professional degree in Nanotechnology under one's belt, one can
work as a scientist, academician, biotechnologist, systems designer,
research officer or product designer.
Nanotechnology impacts all major sectors like solar energy, aerospace,
environment, tele-communications, computing, etc. Nanotechnology has
been widely used in number of movies, television series and video games
too. By the year 2015, Nanotechnology is estimated to have grown to a $1
trillion industry. It is the technology of the future.
Generally, the starting salary for one to Rs. 12,00,000 per annum.
Nanotechnology is a booming industry which is expected to throw up a
large number of job opportunities with handsome pay packages in the
future. Remuneration can very from Rs. 60000, to Rs. 12,00,000 per annum
depending upon qualification.
Here is an indicative list of universities offering nanotech-nology
education, and the degrees offered in nanotechnology, Bachelor of
Science in Nano-technology, Master of Science in Nanotechnology, and
Ph.D in Nanotechnology.
The scope and application of nanotechnology is tremendous and
mind-boggling. According to the scientists, 21st century would be the
nanotechnology century. It is estimated that nanotechnology would
revolutionize every area, be it medicine, aerospace, engineering,
various industrial and technological areas, health or any other field.
Nanobiotechnology can make tiny medical devices and sensors with
fantastic military and civilian use. Converting sunlight into power,
targeting a drug to a single malignant cell, cleaning ponds and creating
sensors in the form of biochip, to be interested in the human body are
some of the important landmark breakthroughs of nanotechnology. The
technology has the potential to produce garments which can block
chemical and biological weapons from touching the skin of a person.
Educational Institutes Across India*
University, Noida - Bachelors & Masters Integrated and Masters
Institute of Science - Masters
University at Kolkata- Masters, PhD
University, Chandigarh-M.Tech, Nano Science & Nano Technology.
Institutes of Technology at Delhi
Institutes of Technology at Guwahati
Institutes of Technology at Kanpur
Institutes of Technology at Kharagpur
Institutes of Technology at Madras.
Institutes of Technology at Mumbai
University of Madras,
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